Call - 2021

The members of the Euphresco network propose each year a number of ideas that could lead to transnational collaborations, provided that they raise enough interest, that coordinators are identified and national funds are committed.

Collaboration with non-Euphresco organisations (research institutes, universities, private companies and other plant health stakeholders) is encouraged and administrative formalities are very light. For any question, please contact the Euphresco coordinator.

The research topics proposed for transnational collaboration in 2021 are presented below:

Herbicide resistance of Amaranthus palmeri and A. tuberculatus in the EPPO region
Short description: the project will contribute to map herbicide resistance of populations of A. palmeri and A. tuberculatus and develop appropriate control programs to overcome such a resistance. Educational materials to support species identification and early detection will be developed
Expected output: knowledge to support the diagnosis and the management of A. palmeri and A. tuberculatus


Heat- (incl. hot water) treatments
Short description: the project will compare hot water/air treatments used in different countries and validate their use for several pest/host combinations
Expected output: validated protocols for heat treatment as a phytosanitary measure


Identifying ways of changing stakeholders’ perception on cost effective and non-chemical measures to improve plant health
Short description: the project will increase the visibility of non-chemical plant protection approaches (e.g. crop rotation, resistant/tolerant cultivars, hygiene measures, biological control) and their acceptability by stakeholders
Expected output: data and knowledge to support campaigns to advertise integrated pest management practices


Identifying IPM measures for selected pest/crop combinations, to improve plant health and decrease dependency on chemical pesticides
Short description: the project will identify crop/pest combinations where alternatives to non-chemical pesticides are particularly needed and will address the scientifical/technical gaps to encourage stakeholders to adopt integrated pest management practices
Expected output: data and knowledge to ease the uptake of integrated pest management practices by stakeholders


Fast detection methods for quarantine Tephritidae
Short description: the project will make an inventory of existing or currently developed diagnostic tests for the rapid detection and identification of Tephritidae spp. and will validate them. The genetic material from specimens will be sequenced and information on available DNA sequences will be shared
Expected output: knowledge to support the diagnosis of Tephritidae at genus and species level


Diagnosis and epidemiology of viruses infecting cereal crops
Short description: the project will increase the knowledge on the epidemiology of cereal (e.g. wheat, barley, maize, oat, rye, triticale and rice) viruses and their vectors and reservoirs and will contribute to support the development/validation of diagnostic tests
Expected output: knowledge on epidemiology (such as historical records of viral outbreaks, insect vectors) and development/validation of diagnostic protocols


Editing plant genomes to confer resistance to plant viruses
Short description: the project will explore the use of the CRISPR-Cas9 technology to obtain plants resistant to potyviruses (Plum pox virus, Potato virus A, Potato virus Y, Papaya ringspot virus, Turnip mosaic virus)
Expected output: knowledge to support the use of CRISPR-Cas9 technology in a phytosanitary context, including proper interpretation of results and quality control measures


EU PCN Directive - Review of effectiveness 10 years on
Short description: the project will review the impact of the EU Potato cyst nematode Directive in order to formulate recommendations regarding additional measures that might be required to provide effective control of Globodera pallida
Expected output: a report and scientific publications on the analysis of the EU PCN Directive


Infrastructure for sharing infested seed lots for test development and validation
Short description: the project will develop criteria and protocols to characterise infested seed lots and will support the establishment of a platform to facilitate the access and exchange of infested seed lots, including legal requirements
Expected output: infrastructure for sharing infested seed lots


Inventory and validation of quality control procedures for the extraction of nucleic acids used for the diagnosis of pests
Short description: the project will collect information on the DNA/RNA extraction procedures used in the participating laboratories and available from the literature. Procedures will be validated on a wide range of plant matrixes infected with pathogens of interest in order to formulate recommendations for diagnostic laboratories
Expected output: validated protocols for nucleic acid extraction


Developing alternative strategies for the control of virus yellows in sugar beet crops
Short description: the project will develop knowledge on the epidemiology of aphid-vectored beet yellowing viruses and will support the development/validation of control methods (such as intercropping, mulching, oil applications, kaolin applications, inundative and conservation biocontrol) that can replace the use of neonicotinoid seed dressing
Expected output: validated control methods to manage sugar beet viruses


A non-chemical oak log treatment for mitigating oak wilt caused by Bretziella fagacearum
Short description: the project will validate the use of vacuum steam treatment of oak logs as an alternative to methyl bromide
Expected output: validated commercial vacuum steam treatment for Bretziella fagacearum in oak logs for export to Europe


Potential for using IPM tools to eradicate box tree moth (Cydalima perspectalis) incursions
Short description: the project will validate integrated pest management methods against Cydalima perspectalis. These methods will include enhanced survey and detection methods, the sterile insect technique, mating disruption, and pesticide treatments
Expected output: development and validation of control methods to be used in IPM strategies


Xylophilus ampelinus presence and accurate detection in nurseries and vineyards
Short description: the project will develop knowledge on the epidemiology of X. ampelinus and will support diagnostic activities by improving the availability of reference isolates and by validating molecular tests
Expected output: knowledge and tools against Xylophilus ampelinus


Bacterial diseases on forest and verdant trees
Short description: the project will develop knowledge on the epidemiology of bacterial diseases of forests in Europe and in particular in the Mediterranean region; the project will support diagnostic activities by improving the availability of reference isolates and by validating molecular tests
Expected output: knowledge and tools to support preparedness, diagnosis and management of bacterial diseases of trees


Preventing Meloidogyne graminicola spread in European rice paddies
Short description: the project will develop knowledge on the epidemiology of Meloidogyne granicola in Europe and in particular in the Mediterranean region; the project will support diagnostic activities by improving the availability of reference isolates and by validating molecular tests
Expected output: knowledge and tools to support preparedness, diagnosis and management of the nematode


Determination of the host range and development of molecular diagnostic tools for the Olive mild mosaic virus
Short description: the project will improve knowledge on the host range of Olive mild mosaic virus to support understanding of the virus evolution and epidemiology. The project will also develop and validate rapid and sensitive molecular diagnostic tests
Expected output: knowledge to support preparedness, diagnosis and management of Olive mild mosaic virus


Cost-benefit analysis of phytosanitary efforts in preventing and/or containing pests of economic importance
Short description: the project will undertake cost-benefit analyses of phytosanitary efforts in preventing and/or containing pests of crops/fruits of economic importance, in order to quantify potential gains from compliance or conversely the quantified potential loss as a result of non-compliance with SPS requirements
Expected output: an economic analysis of phytosanitary measures for selected crops/fruits


Tests to discriminate isolates of Citrus tristeza virus
Short description: the project will contribute to the development/validation of a test for the identification of European and non-European CTV isolates
Expected output: validated tests and knowledge to support the revision of Diagnostic Protocols